MADISON, Wis. (AP) — Female athletes urged Wisconsin lawmakers on Wednesday to ban transgender people from participating in girls’ and women’s sports, while opponents of the Republican-backed measures said they were discriminatory and chasing a problem that doesn’t exist.
A broad array of more than 30 groups opposed the measures that got their first public hearings before three legislative committees. Supporters, including female athletes and representatives from national groups pushing similar laws in other states, argued that the sanctity of girls’ and women’s sports was at stake.
“Where is the support for us?” asked Leia Schneeberger, a competitive mountain biker from Madison. Schneeberger testified that she lost two races in the past year to a transgender woman.
“I lost to someone who had the advantage of being born naturally bigger and stronger,” Schneeberger testified before the Assembly Education Committee. “I can’t train myself to be a biological man. … I’ve lost the desire to dream, to try and to compete. I don’t have to imagine how it feels.”
The bills wouldn’t have affected the races Schneeberger said she lost, as they would only apply to K-12 schools and college athletics. But Schneeberger and others said that transgender athletes could take scholarships away from other women.
More than 30 groups came out in opposition of the measures, including the Wisconsin Interscholastic Athletic Association, which regulates high school sports, the University of Wisconsin-Madison, the statewide teachers union, the ACLU, the State Bar of Wisconsin’s civil rights and liberties section, the LGBTQ advocacy group Fair Wisconsin, Planned Parenthood and the Wisconsin Coalition Against Sexual Assault.
The proposals are part of a nationwide movement targeting transgender people, particularly athletes.
Even if the GOP-controlled Legislature were to pass the bills, Democratic Gov. Tony Evers would likely veto them. Evers, a former school administrator and state superintendent for education, this week called the bills a “solution seeking a problem that doesn’t exist” and reiterated that he stands with transgender students.
“Trans kids deserve our love and respect and support just like any other kid,” Evers tweeted during the hearings. “I stand with them.”
Democratic U.S. Sen. Tammy Baldwin tweeted that “these bills have no place in the Badger State. We’re elected to help the people we serve, not harm them.”
Lawmakers in more than 30 states, mostly Republican controlled, have considered sports participation bans, and they’ve become law in Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, Tennessee, Montana and West Virginia after Idaho enacted one last year. Other states, including Kansas and North Dakota, passed bans only to have them vetoed by the governor.
The Wisconsin bills would allow students to join teams only that correspond to their biological sex as assigned by a doctor at birth, unless the sport is classified as “coed.” It would apply to public and private schools, as well as the University of Wisconsin and technical colleges.
Supporters argued that transgender girls have an unfair physical advantage, and that passing the bill would ensure that girls have a level playing field while preserving competitive achievements and scholarships.
“It’s only a matter of time before they take all the podium spots,” Schneeberger said of transgender athletes.
Beth Stelzer, a former amateur powerlifter and founder of Save Women’s Sports, a national group that’s advocated for similar bills across the country, supported the bills.
“We are women here saying no, why is that not enough?” she said.
Stelzer and other supporters said the issue transcend politics. There were no Democratic co-sponsors on the Wisconsin bills.
Opponents argued that the proposals violate Title IX of federal education law prohibiting sexual discrimination as well as U.S. Supreme Court rulings. They also argue that such bans would further marginalize vulnerable students and hurt the state’s economy by making it more difficult to recruit athletes and businesses.
“You call this protect women in sports act?” said Democratic Rep. Sondy Pope, a member of the Assembly Education Committee. “Transgender women are women. You are singling out which women you want to protect, which I find confusing.”
In written testimony prepared for the hearing, the University of Wisconsin-Madison said that if the measures are enacted, the school wouldn’t be in compliance with NCAA’s trans-inclusive policies. The bill also would jeopardize the state’s ability to host events and tournaments because the NCAA has said it will consider actions that discriminate against certain athletes.
The Wisconsin Interscholastic Athletic Association enacted a policy similar to that of the NCAA’s requiring transgender female athletes to complete one calendar year of medically documented hormone replacement therapy, and get a doctor’s signature and parental consent before they can compete on a girls’ team.
The WIAA says it doesn’t track how many transgender athletes might be participating in high school sports in Wisconsin. Spokesman Todd Clark said the association hasn’t received any complaints about transgender high school athletes competing.
A federal court blocked enforcement of the law in Idaho. In Connecticut, several girls are challenging a state law that allows transgender athletes to participate in female sports.